Enceladus and its similarities to Earth

On February 15th, 1977 scientists discovered activity on the floors of our oceans using a remote control still-camera. They were looking near the northeast ridge of the Galapagos Islands and they discovered cracks releasing heat from the ocean floor and often causing the water to boil that surrounds the cracks. In addition to finding these cracks, they also found life inside of them. Things like mollusks and giant tube worms were found there and more and more creatures beyond that that have yet to be discovered. Needless to say these cracks were and still are thriving with life.

NASA and their Cassini-Huygens unmanned space craft have discovered events similar to the ones found in our oceans floors, but these events discovered did not appear on Earth. They appeared on Enceladus, Saturn’s moon. On Enceladus the Cassini craft found similar chemicals that correspond to the events found under our oceans. This discovery is incredibly important because as we say with the cracks in the ocean floors on Earth, these cracks are ripe for life, therefore Enceladus could very well could have life on it that we have yet to discover.

In 2005 scientists discovered water pouring out of the south pole of this small moon. Later studies and investigations showed how this was happening. Scientists found water under the surface of the moon. This could very well mean that a vast liquid ocean lies just beneath the surface of this interesting moon.

Only time will tell, along with many other studies, whether or not life actually exists on this moon. NASA plans to crash the Cassini-Huygens craft into Saturn in September as to assure that it doesn’t crash into and effect either of Saturn’s moons and ruin any possible studies that have yet to occur.

Sources:

http://www.astronomy.com/news/2017/04/enceladus-sea-floor-has-hydrothermal-vents

http://science.sciencemag.org/content/356/6334/132

http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/32523/title/Life-on-the-Ocean-Floor–1977/

https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/cassini/main/index.html

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