The primary issue that our utopia addresses is the disconnect between humans and nature. This disconnect, which has roots in Genesis and man’s dominion over the Earth, has led to various other issues. The idea of private land ownership, along with ideas about dominating, taming, and curating land, has led to the imperialist appropriation of lands. European, especially English, ideas about the “improvement” of land by its human occupants being fundamental to the occupation of that land played a significant role in this. These ideas have also lead to the exploitation and destruction of that land. Furthermore, this attitude toward land dictates to a considerable degree how beings living in close proximity to each other interact, both human and non-human. The idea of owning land removes humans from the fabric of the environment and promotes a negative view of other beings existing on that land. Our utopia addresses these issues through the absence of any land ownership whatsoever. Instead, people live responsibly on the land along with the other beings that live in the environment. Through creating a space that is naturally shared by both humans and non-humans, these issues created by private land ownership are avoided.
Our utopia aims to address societal trauma caused by the human severance from nature by placing utmost emphasis on nature as a means of sustenance, community, and empowerment. We believe that land and human relationship to the environment plays an integral role in how people interact on both interpersonal and larger political scales. In order to combat environmental racism and social injustices caused by capitalism, this community will prioritize self-sufficiency, artistic craft, queer inclusivity, and a system of commerce/exchange based on communal sharing and gift-giving rather than money. To establish self-sufficiency, the community plans to implement permacultural methods in order to produce food and other resources. Permaculture is a style of cultivation that caters to the natural ecosystem, allowing it to flourish, sustain, and regenerate without extensive human manipulation. This form of agriculture also helps to restore the human relationship to nature because it maintains the agency and holistic capacity of the given environment instead of treating it as simply a means to an end. In the same vein, the community will structure their own habitation around nature, rather than attempting to rewrite the earth by clearing trees and to creating a conventional colonial settlement. They will build their homes in and around the trees and preexisting geography. This may result in buildings that vary in size and purpose. Since architectural set ups won’t necessarily conform to those that try to encompass a set number of functions or occupants, this will draw away from traditional senses of familial containment and isolation, and thus only enhance the interconnectedness and mobility of members of the community. Furthermore, the diy construction of houses and buildings will undermine the barrier between the inside and outside by featuring one-sided windows that blend with the landscape from the outside and provide an ample view to the outdoors from the inside.
Another way that this community will foster a human reconnection to nature is in their utilization of outdoor space. A range of activities, such as education, social congregation/gathering, and work won’t be confined to the indoors, as nature will become a default site in which the community does. Everyone will therefore cultivate a deep knowledge of the local flora and fauna, and be able to navigate the area and effectively derive ingredients for food or medicine. This is another sustainable method in line with one of their central tenets, minimizing waste and reducing/reusing/recycling. Lastly, a large component of their life and culture will be quilt-making and textile arts, as it’s emblematic of their functionality, creativity, practicality, and familial bonds.
Rhythm of Life:
As someone living in this community you could wake up slowly, with the sun. Everyone makes their breakfast and the daily bread – bread that each person makes and shares half of with others. The noise stirs the whole community until eventually everyone is out of their homes, engaging in one of the required activities that drive the community such as farming, cooking, preserving food, or tending to children. Or focusing on their own artistic and academic projects. At night there is a communal dinner gathering where people can discuss, drink, give gifts, or give performances. They go to bed slowly, reading, and surrounded by loved ones.
By: Bones Gilmore, Nia Mbaye, River PS, Ty Holtzman
Project 1: The People We are currently moving towards the second part of the semester, where you will articulate, plan, and design your own utopia. You will need to identify a problem/question that your society will eventually take upon and resolve via its social structure and organization of life. Like the pioneering utopian communities, you will need to first…
The issue that we would like to address is the unsafe passage undergone by refugees trying to flee their home country, and the chaotic lifestyle they are forced to adhere to—particularly passengers in and around the Mediterranean. More than 3,100 refugees drowned at sea in 2017 due to perilous and overcrowded journeys, fleeing certain death in their native countries only to die helpless on international waters. The organizations that currently manage transportation for refugees work for profit, overcrowding boats in order to make more money; they have little care for the safety of those crammed on board. Our floating utopia would provide a stable, safe and welcoming community from the get-go, a much needed repose from what is behind and what is ahead for those aboard. We also want to address the lack of proper legal help for asylum seekers, leading to the slow processing of immigration papers and to inhumane conditions in refugee camps. We want refugees to be treated as individuals with distinct rights rather than cattle that need to be herded from one camp to another. We should provide a safe shelter and lifestyle for the people in our community, for as long as they choose to remain.
With our new utopia we plan to create a society dedicated to rescuing boats of refugees crossing the Mediterranean, and offer safe and inclusive passage. We join and help further the movement to help large populations of forced displacement. The goal of the community is to rescue refugees that are in immediate danger, rather than recruiting refugees that we find. If a refugee has a place they want to go in mind, we will do our best to help them get there. Our utopia solves the problem of unsafe passage undergone by refugees
We chose the Mediterranean because we wanted to be in the place where we could offer the most help. Because of the influx of refugees seeking asylum due to the crises in the Middle East, the UNHRC (United Nations Human Rights Council) is unable to ensure the safety and security of those they send on inflatable boats across the ocean to a harbor that rarely wants the responsibility. Our project is a response to this concern and offers both aid, hands-on assistance in this crisis and a long-term solution to the detriment these refugees face in their new countries.
The community will be comprised of one larger rescue boat that goes out to find the individual boats that can each contain a family, equipped with their own floating garden. Many of the families also fish in order to sustain themselves. The entire population will have a pescatarian diet due to what is available and for the health benefits. Once a week there is a feast between all of them where everyone can talk and meet one another, and there is also a weekly meeting between all of the families, where a representative from each household comes to discuss democratically any objectives or disputes. Because the community is so tight-knit and co-dependent, it is vital that they solve their disagreements head on, and every voice within the community should be given the chance to be heard.
Those on board will be dressed to sail, and the inspiration for their outfits is taken from the Portuguese fishing community in the 1950’s. They will all wear this uniform—men, women, and children— both to create an atmosphere of unity and for practicality. On the one larger ship intended for rescue missions, newfound families can meet with law aides and discuss their cases, while the individual families of the community live on smaller boats orbiting it. Any surplus from the attached gardens or fish caught throughout the week will go to the central boat to be distributed to those that were not able to grown and fish enough for their family. This will give each family enough space and privacy while still giving them a community to be a part of, that can be easily expanded through the addition of more family boats. The boats will be provided by a base on land, which can be traded with by taking advantage of the skills that these families can offer. If any additions to the community want to help the cause but adhere to a life on land, they may join this boat-building community and lend their skills from there.
A Day In The Life
The day starts early—as soon as there is sunrise. The smaller boats harbor at night and only make day trips, and larger ones are dedicated to going further out to find lost or stranded boats of refugees making the perilous voyage. The small boats stay close together for safety’s sake, and the larger ones intended for rescue remain spread out in order to cover as much ground as possible. Any passengers that decide to join the fleet must be taken through a process to ensure they understand the terms of joining the community. Once they are initiated, jobs as part of the crew can be distributed according to the skills of those that are found, and any families can be brought to land to find a boat or join a family that already exists. Every night the smaller boats harbor together. The boats are also equipped for fishing, and many families supply themselves by fishing for their own food.
The U.S. prison system focuses on dehumanization rather than rehabilitation.
Prisoners, held captive in cells, relate to others through a property/owner dynamic; they are viewed as objects that perform free or incredibly cheap labor for the state and companies to make profit. Prisoners are wildly isolated from their labor, as they produce objects worth more than the labor they exert in production, are paid little to none, and are not creating products for themselves.
As the prison system disproportionately affects those with low socioeconomic status, many inmates are likely to have not had healthcare prior to incarceration. Overcrowding, dirtiness, and lack of nutrition and fresh air in combination with the lack of healthcare in prisons both leads to and perpetuates extreme health issues among prisoners, which also prevents prisoners from leading healthy lives upon release and leads to prisoner deaths. Mental health issues remain unattended to alongside physical health issues. Officials fail to protect prisoners from violence.
Incarceration of a family member can obliterate family structures, and mass incarceration can obliterate a community; this problem is furthered by restricted opportunities for visiting prisoners. Additionally, upon release, many incarcerated persons are unable to find a source of income and a place to stay, and this places a greater strain on both the person and their loved ones.
These are only a few of the issues with the U.S. prison system. Slavery was never abolished —only reformed—and prisons reproduce the same motives to exploit labor and capture “undesirable” people.
My society would serve as a strikingly different alternative to prison. It would be founded on the concepts that society members are human, valuable and meaningful to the community and the community that exists outside of my utopia. Community members would no longer be viewed as disposable and as property used to generate profit. Keeping these concepts in mind would obliterate the property/owner dynamic that existing prisons thrive on. Members would participate only in labor that is necessary for their daily functioning and the functioning of the society, such as cooking and upkeep of personal spaces. There would no longer be relationships on the basis of production and labor.
A majority of member energy would be invested in learning and rehabilitation. Members would have access to all the learning opportunities and resources to reform and learn how to better their functioning in society upon release. Staff would exist not as authoritative, punishing figures but as doctors, teachers, and therapists who are passionate about the rehabilitation of community members. Members would have an understanding of their wrongdoings and feel dedicated to the functioning of the society and the bettering of themselves and others; thus, authoritative and punishing figures would not be necessary, and members could hold each other accountable instead. Therapists could be utilized as conflict mediators in complex situations, and certain members could willingly be separated and have their daily life reorganized if discomforts arise at any moment.
Members would be viewed as people who would one day re-enter the outside society. Thus, the physical and mental well-being of members would be viewed as a priority and healthcare would be facilitated accordingly. Staff would strive to identify and treat the root of mental health issues within the community. Living conditions would be improved with spaciousness, cleanliness, proper nutrition, access to exercise, and access to lots of natural light and fresh air. Members would have their own personal and comfortable sleeping and bathing spaces, but they would not be confined to these spaces. As prison uniforms are worn involuntarily, are dehumanizing, destroy individuality, and are stigmatized, community members would be allowed to dress as they desire. Community members would be free to practice the religion of their choice if desired, and they would be equipped with the facilities to do so. Education on sex, protection, and consent would be facilitated so that community members could safely practice sex as long as it does not interfere with their rehabilitation process.
A focus would be placed on integration into society following rehabilitation; members would have opportunities to learn trades and receive an education. As the focus and reputation of the society is rehabilitation rather than punishment, and due to the aforementioned opportunities, members would likely have increased chances at employment upon release. In order to reduce the strain on a community member’s family lacking a member, family members would be allowed regular and unrestricted phone calls and visits. In order to accommodate family schedules and prevent overbooking and overworking of staff, community members would not all follow the same schedule. By making meal times occur at different times, in smaller groups, the cooking and cleaning associated with meals and taken on by community members would be less intensive. Community members would work in rotating groups to cook and maintain communal spaces.
To prevent too much monotony in daily life, activity structures could alternate every other or every few days. Daily life for community members would be primarily focused on rehabilitation, with therapy, restorative justice activities, and educative processes comprising a large chunk of the day. The learning of trades or education outside of rehabilitative education would make up the second largest time slot. Three meals would be served each day, also providing a break time between rehabilitative sessions, and set-up/clean up time would surround each meal. A certain amount of free time during the day would be allotted to leisurely activities and/or exercise. Family/friend visitation or communication would be allowed at a time that is most convenient for a member’s loved ones.
Put simply the problem is involuntary labor or what I am calling compelled labor. Labor which is not necessarily forced in the sense that one is not given the choice of whether or not they will do it but compelled in the sense that one works because one must and not because one wants to. The labor is done because it is necessary for the individual, often because one needs money live in our society. The problem is that people end up doing things because they have to not because they want to. This is also bound up with the idea of labor that is necessary for society. There are many things that a society needs to function, food being an obvious example, that people must be either forced or compelled to do. If one were to ask all of the peasants in medieval France whether they would chose to work on a farm their entire life many would probably have said no. However their society was one where people were made to the necessary work of farming and there was much suffering and inequity because the people who made and extracted the basic needs of that society from the earth were compelled to do so.
In my new utopia all societally necessary labor is automated and performed by robots (that are not intelligent or capable of feeling anything, no moral problems can be incurred by their use) that are directed by humans. All of the food and raw materials that my utopia needs are produced by robots and all of the things that my utopia needs can be made by robots. Thus no one needs to work for the basic necessities of life because they are provided by automated labor. The only task that humans must perform in order to survive is oversee the robots and manage their labor. People are thus free to do what they want and also free to have much more leisure time than most people do now. The inhabitants of my utopia are also free to sleep more and determine their own schedule for that sleep because of the completely voluntary nature of their work.
The people of my utopia work at whatever they want to whether that be chemistry research or trying to create the world’s greatest garden containing only different types of grass. They determine what they want to do based on what they think is most important one person might do what they think is most beneficial for society as a whole and another may do what they think will make them personally happiest. The work that the people of my utopia do is also better because it is voluntary. When people do things it is because they care about the work and want it to succeed. The reason for working is the work itself and not something external to it. The efficiency of much of the automated labor means that people have ample materials with which to work. The scientists of my utopia will have easy access to all the equipment and materials they need and all other professions will have similar resources. Robots will also be able assist people with their work allowing them to not only chose to do the work they wish but also in many cases avoid parts of that work that they see as boring and which are simple enough for a robot to do.
There are two primary functions of the government of my utopia. One is to provide services that the entire society needs, think roads, electricity etc., and to oversee the activities of automated labor that works to satisfy societal needs. For example while and individual might have a farm with an amount of automation that fits their desire the government will control enough automated food production to ensure that every one can eat. The other primary function of the government in my utopia will be to resolve disputes between individuals and act in a law enforcement capacity. However due to the utopian nature of my utopia there is almost no crime and few disputes.
A day in Chapekelia
As the day begins a robot harvests wheat and sends it by automated train to a mill be ground into flour. The wheat is taken and ground into flour in an entirely automated process. While the grinding is in process the manager of the mill, an early riser, checks to make sure the process runs smoothly and checks the product’s quality. The finished flour is later sent to a city where some is delivered to a bakery also by automated labor. An inventory management robot then places the flour in the proper storage and updates the inventory. The baker then uses the flour to bake things. The baker, after closing the bakery, decides to try and see if they can acquire flour made from chestnuts and the next day a robot prepares to collect some chestnuts.
Problem: The people of Puerto Rico have been governed by the US under territorial status which has caused political and economic hardship. The island’s people cannot represent themselves politically and have suffered through economic reform implemented by the US and poorly managed by Puerto Rican elites. Many are subject to poverty and lack educational resources and infrastructure. Puerto Rico has never experienced statehood as the Spanish colony transitioned into a US imperial enterprise without any independence movements. Puerto Rican society has been dictated by the US through the ideological principles of development that make dependency a reality. The people have internalized this dependency on the US which has only further oppressed them. Puerto Rico has been subject to racial discrimination, anti-independence repression, and even nuclear testing by the US which was reinforced by the island’s elite. The legacy of colonial rule continues to racially discriminate, leaving those of African and Taino descent are denied the right of self-determination. The mass migration from Puerto Rico is a direct result of US policy that continually neglects and devastates the region.My utopia will harbor a society of agency within Puerto Rican communities that have been forgotten.
The Community: My utopia will promote a community oriented society that focuses on political freedom, education, self sustainability, and eco friendly practices. The community will foster a diversity of different beliefs that will be held equally important within the society. The people will share in the same desire of self determination for themselves as Puerto Rican, dedicating their lives to the betterment of the community. The community will self govern through referendum and a small representative government. Puerto Rico currently faces large economic disparities stemming from foreign influence and internal neglect. In this new society, land and wealth will be collectively owned by everyone in the community and all will have equal access to resources. The arrangement and architectural design will promote spaces for political forums and encourage communication to ensure that everyone is equally represented. There will be no political figurehead but rather, individuals who dedicate part of their time to help manage governmental affairs. Much of the islands education is underfunded and poorly instituted which results in many people who do not complete primary or secondary education. For many Puerto Ricans, education is an economic tool rather than an opportunity to obtain knowledge. The newly constructed utopia will give people access to any educational resources they desire. Academic learning will revolve around the needs of the student and their unique learning style. Education will not be dominated by western thought but will be centered around the newly formed people’s curriculum. The education will defy the limitations of disciplines by allowing students to pursue interdisciplinary study. Education will not exclusively be theoretical. The pursuit of specific occupations will incorporate the labour of the mind and body. Employment will be linked to the education system because knowledge is obtained through manual and theoretical work. Puerto Rico was pushed through its industrialization period which required most of the island’s food to be imported from outside of the country. The new community will practice self-sustainability by creating small agricultural practices. They will use the land to develop a mechanism that allows for people to feed themselves. This is to eliminate a reliance on other countries that continues to hurt Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico’s natural environment benefits from constant exposure to the sun and water. The community will use solar energy in order to reduce its carbon footprint and maintain the integrity of their environment. Material goods will be made exclusively of renewable and recyclable resources and will move away from plastics and excessive amounts of paper. The respect for the environment is just as important as the community members. The community will invest time in the environment specifically to learn from and relate to the natural landscape. The society will adequately represent the people in Puerto Rico who have been disenfranchised and economically disadvantaged. It will exclude those consistently involved in elitist practices that hurt poorer communities on the island. Governmental restrictions will only be placed on those who live privileged lifestyles at the expense of others.
Daily Life: The people will be allowed to openly express political concerns to their peers. Every person will be able to obtain an education regardless of age. Necessary resources will be available to all students with professors to aid in their learning. People will be allowed to decide where they allocate their labor based off of personal interest and the needs of the community. Those who have an interest in environmental science, for example, will not only study the environment but will also help cultivate and produce clean energy. People will be able to move between their homes and the wildlife surrounding their community freely. The utopia will be an open space where everyone is valued and respected.
The social problem that my utopia will attempt to solve is that of how we handle, correct, manage, and treat deviance. In our class on heterotopias, we discussed the ways in which they can operate as regulatory institutions, exceptional spaces that are made to create good citizens. Three examples of heterotopias, the school, the psychiatric hospital, and the prison, are also constructed in part to handle deviance. The purpose of the school within society is to produce young adults who are ready to be citizens, -however, the punitive measures that schools utilize often result in a student being labeled as deviant, which can be harmful to their educational and social performance within the system. The psychiatric hospital reached its prime in the early-to-mid twentieth century, and was a method of closeting people away who showed traits that society deemed deviant. The downfall of the psychiatric hospital co-insided with the rise of the prison population– this is what some sociology scholars call “the punitive turn”. We have an extraordinarily large prison population in this country, and we have a system designed so that it is very difficult for former inmates to re-enter society with the full rights of citizenship and to participate in society without the risk of recidivism. Clearly, the way that American society handles what we deem to be deviant behavior is profoundly dysfunctional and unconcerned with the harm it causes to its subjects. The goal of my society is to reconstruct how we handle discipline, punishment, and the adverse effects of labelling people as deviant.
In its beginnings, my model of a society would have to be relatively small, with about 1,000 members at the most. Overtime, if the model was working, it would be reasonable to increase the size. Another reason that I would like the society to start small is that I would like for my society to deal with deviance within a court system. However, massive court systems tend to produce one-size-fits-all punishments, such as mandatory minimum sentences. I would prefer for my court system to cater punishments to the individual and the specifics of the offense. I would also propose that trials remain private. Although I understand the rationale of opening trials to the public to ensure there are no abuses of power behind closed doors, the publicity of trials actually serve more as demonstrations of the state’s power over an individual serve to publicly label that citizen as deviant.
I would also hope to redefine what constitutes a crime worthy of punitive action. In my society, low-level, non-violent offenses would not be suitable for punitive action as dramatic as imprisonment. In my society, it would only be appropriate to remove an individual from the community if they committed an act of violence and endangered the freedom and welfare of other people in the community. Other crimes, such as theft, could be repaired by compulsory community service- however, it is not necessary for that service to be obvious. Community service should be kept discreet to avoid deviant labels being assigned to the people performing them.
In addition, the punitive institution in my society would look nothing like the prison system in America. I am inspired by some northern European systems where the punishment is the removal of freedom itself, but not much else about the inmate’s lives change. Inmates have their own apartments where they can cook their own food, watch TV, call their loved ones regularly, and have choice over their schedules and clothing. They have town centers with grocery stores and community activities. If inmates would like to work, they are welcome to do so, but they ought to be paid a fair wage that rises consistently with inflation in order for them to have enough economic resources to successfully re-enter society. In terms of deviance, I believe this model is effective because rather than treating people as deviant subjects, there is a level of normalcy that has the potential to make them feel included in society.
The rhythm of life would not be entirely dissimilar to a typical work day– adults go to work, children go to school. However, the types of industry that people would work out would be generally geared toward community bettering. Prominent places of work would be an environmental bettering agency, the school system, sustainable agriculture, and consistent community upkeep. Community upkeep would generally be focused on keeping infrastructure updated and maintaining the sustainability plots within neighborhoods.
I would want for neighborhood units to be designed in a way that ensured everyone’s basic needs would be provided for. Central to each neighborhood would be a plot dedicated to solar panels or wind turbines, which would provide energy to the neighborhood. Nearby would be a small community garden whose upkeep was a communal responsibility. The goal of making sure everyone’s needs are provided for and the focus on community upkeep in my society is to foster an overarching sense of inclusion. This sense of inclusion, I hope, would function against factors in American society that contribute to the construction of deviance, such as the shunning of those with deviant labels.
The Problem: Crisis of Humanity
It is a fact of nature that in this world there is, and always will be, conflict, suffering and inequality. It is a constant of the reality in which we live for a variety of reasons. Physical limitations as well as mental. These views are not so much pessimistic as they are realistic. Throughout history humanity has answered this seemly unanswerable problem in many ways. The first I’ll mention is the cynical response. This is actually where the pessimism comes in. It is nihilism. It is the belief that all the worlds suffering does not amount to anything that makes it bearable to undertake, and so they become resentful of the world there after. But, there are others who in the past tried to resist the crushing weight that meaninglessness has to offer, they looked for a solution not an excuse. Societies established themselves and from there they established governments. Humanity left the state of nature which consists of meaningless suffering and molded it into society to make the burden of life a little less burdensome. They question then became, how ought we rule ourselves in manner that maintains an acceptable level of freedom (chaos) while also providing security (order) to counter balance that freedom? And that is the question I will be attempting to answer. There have been many suggestions in past to remedy this problem. Some have led to fairly balanced societies while others started piling up the corpses in their crude attempts to force order.
The Solution: Freedom and Security
My solution runs in parallel with the suggestions that came out of the European enlightenment period. Many of there ideas formed the basis of modern western society. Is modern western society perfect? Obviously not. Is it pretty close? I would argue that we are getting pretty close, but the goal is to understand that we will never reach perfection. The goal has never been to reach perfection because it has been to get as close to the perfect society as possibly. You create a perfect system out of imperfect parts (people). The reason for this lies in something that the enlightenment figures figured out. You can’t eliminate conflict, suffering or inequality, you can only mediate it. Its like in calculus when you have a function approaching an asymptote, but it can never touch it. In response the enlightenment thinkers suggested a society and government that promoted specific values and allowed for the most amount of participation. This was their attempt to balance order and chaos, freedom and security. The best way we know of achieving this aim is by means of a democratic system with enough bureaucracy that power is distributed enough that if a single actor becomes corrupt it doesn’t bring the whole system down, but also not spread out too much that nothing can get down. The specific numbers are irrelevant as they are situational. The government should enable and protect the rights of the people, no one else’s rights shall supersede another’s. To resolve inequality the government must promote equal opportunity. There shall a free and open market economy.
Now, this society should not be mistaken with a meritocracy. A meritocracy is the most libertarian society, borderline anarchy. It’s a society that accepts that the competent shall dominate the incompetent and they have the right to because of their competence and ability. This would be a horribly unequal society. To explain how my society is different let me give an example. In a meritocracy if your poor the government’s proposed solution would be to tell you to work harder. That doesn’t help anyone. In my society the resources needed for success would be offered to the people (free public education) and if one chooses to utilize these resources good for them, if they don’t however, there is nothing the government can do if you are unwilling to make the attempt. In my society that responsibility falls in the hands of the individual.
As well as being opposed to radical conservatism my society is also opposed to radical liberalism. A state cannot provide every service for free to the public. The state it has its physical limitations, and it has its lines it should never cross lest it sacrifice the rights of the people for the security of the nation. The most basic unit of society is the individual not the collective. When governments treat societies as collective rather than separate individuals we a tyranny of the majority over minorities. And when we separate people I this way we divulge into tribalism. Its us vs them mentally is self-destructive. No one wins that game, in the long run at least. You have an immediate winner, but they will have won out of brutality not out of reason.
Rhythm of Life
In my society it is not for me or the government to dictate the daily life of the individual. The system is specifically designed to allow for a free society. There cannot be an ideal day either because by virtue of being free I cannot say what someone else’s ideal is, that is for them to determine. So, instead I will tell what a “productive” day would look like.
Wake up, have breakfast
Go to work
Break for lunch
Go home, have dinner
And the rest of the day is personal leisure time
Sleep, and then repeat
Basically, in my society you ought to spend your time working with sufficient breaks along the way, while also having leisure time for self.