Category: Post-Civil War Chicago

The Early Criminal Justice System – Its Place in Chicago’s Progressivist Identity

Our study of the development of Chicago in the 19th century revealed that powerful native capitalists, settled in east coast cities like New York and Philadelphia, favored the growth of the city to support their monopolized industries. The design emphasis was on control. Chicago was to be parceled out in equal segments, connected to major cities on three coasts of…

Chicago public transport in the 1871-1893

1871-1893 “The development of public transport system stimulated the extension of the city, annexation of nearby towns and suburbs and it provided people an access to important objects and facilities. How did the growth of public transportation influenced everyday life of citizens? How did transportation change in Chicago during second half of 19th century? Did the extension of lines stimulate…

Maxwell Street: A Marker and Maker of American Jewish Identity

Often times when we look at maps depicting demographics, we think of bodies that occupy a space, but not about what those bodies do in that space. By 1870, immigrants made up approximately forty-eight percent of Chicago’s growing population of 298,977 people. At this time, immigrants included, but were not limited to, Irish and Germans, eventually followed by Russian Jews,…

Immigration in Post Civil War Chicago

Date Range: 1880-1890 Churches were a vital in the promotion of national languages for immigrants and ethnic groups. After the Great Fire in Chicago the fast-growing urban city buffeted by the economic revolution in the 19th century. Churches saw great expansions not only by members but by the numbers of congregations being built. In 1889, the city of Chicago was…

The Rebranding of Chicago: From Porkopolis to White City

1883-1903 (+/− 10 years of the 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition) Taking place only 28 years after the Civil War and 23 years after the devastating fire of 1871 that engulfed much of central Chicago, the World’s Columbian Exposition of 1893 marked Chicago’s dramatic rebirth as a model for American cities in the 20th century. Rising from the ashes, Chicago’s renewal…

Cason Hall-A Study of Social Cohesion in Pullman, Chicago c. 1883-1910

Date Range: 1883-1910 In the years following the end of the civil war, city structure underwent a large-scale reconstruction. In much of the Midwest, this consisted of the advancement of industry with the construction of plants, factories, and where it was appropriate, housing for the many workers these facilities employed. In Chicago, the most notable of these settlements was the…